Cross-Cultural Research of Leadership in Sport

In this first research project, we collaborated with 20 researchers from nine countries. Together, we gathered data from approximately 3000 football team members across 200 teams, all actively competing and training at least twice a week.

Countries in which data collection took place

    Research team

    Project Organizers:

    • Radhika Butalia, KU Leuven
    • Katrien Fransen, KU Leuven
    • Filip Boen, KU Leuven

    Collaborators in the Data Collection:


    • Alyson J. Crozier, University of South Australia
    • Emma S. George, Western Sydney University


    • Radhika Butalia, KU Leuven
    • Katrien Fransen, KU Leuven
    • Filip Boen, KU Leuven


    • Mark W. Bruner, Nipissing University
    • Todd M. Loughead, University of Windsor
    • Colin D. McLaren, Cape Breton University


    • Aashritta Chaudhary, Jamia Millia Islamia
    • Swanaya Gurjar, Cleveland State University


    • Nasrin Biglari, Shahrood University of Technology
    • Seyed Reza Hosseini Nia, Shahrood University of Technology


    • Moe Machida-Kosuga, Osaka University of Health and Sport Sciences


    • Paweł Chmura, Wroclaw University of Health and Sport Sciences
    • Maciej Huzarski, University of Rzeszow


    • Francisco M. Leo, Universidad de Extremadura
    • Miguel A. López-Gajardo, Universidad de Extremadura

    The United Kingdom

    • Pete Coffee, Heriot-Watt University
    • Chris Hartley, University of Stirling
    • Matthew J. Slater, Staffordshire University

    Collaborators for statistical and writing support:


    • Stef Van Puyenbroeck, KU Leuven
    • Loes Meeussen, KU Leuven & Thomas More


    • S. Alexander Haslam, University of Queensland
    • Niklas K. Steffens, University of Queensland